Olive tree is among the oldest known cultivated trees in the world, it was first cultivated in the Middle East basin 8,000 years ago. Later, the Phoenicians spread this cultivation to the Mediterranean shores of Africa and Southern Europe. Tunisia was the most important olive-growing country of the southern Mediterranean region. At world level Tunisia is ranked fourth in terms of the number of olive trees and second in terms of acreage. Olives are found in all the region of Tunisia, from North to South, close to 90% of cultivated olive is located in the central and southern regions (Sousse, Mahdia, Sfax, etc.) For thousands of years, olive oil have taken a huge importance in the history of Tunisia
and recently olive wood products attest the importance of olive oil in people’s everyday life.